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Printing industry: entering open R & d

the printing industry needs technological innovation, and at the same time, it faces the practical dilemma of lack of R & D. Under the planned economic system, the printing technology research and development system that has not yet been cultivated has collapsed in the tide of market economy. Who will undertake this industry, who will promote the progress and upgrading of practical printing technology, people have to pay attention to the most active subject of commodity economy and the most basic cell - enterprise. Enterprises take the lead in combing the domestic R & D strength of printing technology accumulated over the years. We see such a scene: the strength of printing research institutes is shrinking. There are more than a dozen national and provincial printing research institutes in China, but now only a few of these institutes can still adhere to research. The reform process of scientific research system since the 1980s has gradually cut off the imperial grain of these practical technology research institutes and pushed them into the market. Those who wake up early in the market consciousness began to carry out market-oriented operation of their own research results without experiments, and gradually changed research and development institutions into production institutions to solve their own survival and development problems. "These studies are supported by production institutions, and the motivation to spend time on research and development is insufficient. In addition, the state's support for them is increasingly limited, and the research and development function of the Institute has gradually shrunk." according to the analysis of a printing enterprise boss, the self closure and self circulation of the Institute have gradually faded out of the printing technology research and development team

colleges and universities should play an important role in the technology research and development system by taking advantage of information and talents. However, the research of colleges and universities focuses on basic theory and discipline construction, and there is still a long way to go from practical technology research and development

let's look at social intermediary R & D organizations. Although such organizations have successfully operated abroad, and associations often play the role of organizers and leaders, there is not much voice in China

out of the printing industry, let's take a look at the general mode of practical technology research and development. In foreign countries, many top enterprises in the industry are also the main researchers of practical technology in the industry, and their R & D tentacles often extend to the level of related basic technology; In China, founder, Haier and other flagship enterprises have also set up their own research institutes, and user experience has become 10 key institutes, supporting the sustainable development of enterprises with sufficient technical reserves

"the main R & D body of practical printing technology can only be enterprises". In the interview conducted by printing manager, the respondents' answers to this question are surprisingly consistent. It seems that the most feasible mode of printing technology research and development at present is to take printing enterprises as the protagonist and cooperate with universities, research institutes and even equipment and material suppliers to carry out open research and development

open talent introduction

"but relying solely on printing enterprises for research and development is weak, and they need to borrow and supplement." Taking printing enterprises as the source of attraction, it has attracted a variety of R & D resources in the society and formed a joint force. Many printing enterprises have opened their doors and introduced talents, which has achieved the effect of pulling a thousand catties in four or two directions

the most commonly used form is the opening of topics. Shaanxi coal Airlines electronic ticket card Co., Ltd., which opened in the 1990s, aimed at the field of form printing, but they were a little confused by unfamiliar industries and unfamiliar processes. "We asked Xi'an University of technology to design the process, standards and specifications of commercial form printing, so we had a relatively scientific starting point from the beginning." According to the relevant personage of coal airlines, now they are used to finding Xi'an Institute of technology for technical research, and have perennial cooperation

In addition to the opening of topics, the openness and interoperability of personnel are also valued. Xinya Investment Group established Xinya Printing Technology Research Institute as early as 2000. There are not many fixed researchers in the Institute, but many part-time researchers. There are both part-time jobs in enterprises and part-time jobs outside enterprises, and most college teachers. "This can solve the current situation of lack of scientific researchers, which is particularly attractive to private printing enterprises", explained the relevant person in charge of Xinya

going further is that some enterprises began to try to open the R & D organizational structure. Wenzhou Cangnan County Science and technology bureau regards the printing industry as the first of the five pillar industries to revitalize the local economy. In addition to financial support, it has also established a printing and packaging science and technology innovation service center. One of the tasks of the center is to strengthen the docking and scientific and technological cooperation between local printing enterprises and research institutes and colleges, and the main way is to promote enterprises and colleges to jointly build research institutes. At present, the center has promoted the establishment of four research institutes, such as the Longfa Materials Research Institute established by Jiangsu University and Zhejiang Dafa packaging materials Co., Ltd., which is more in line with the needs of enterprises in the setting of research objectives and the deployment of personnel

in fact, in addition to open cooperation with universities and research institutes at all levels, printing enterprises also pay great attention to using the power of equipment suppliers and material suppliers to further expand the scope and field of R & D cooperation. "The research and development of printing enterprises cannot be separated from the support of upstream. To some extent, printing enterprises even rely heavily on this support." A senior person from a cigarette package printing enterprise said, "many improvements in cigarette package printing process and technology are supported by upstream enterprises, such as ink and special paper. If the development is successful, these material suppliers can obtain product orders. Therefore, this is a win-win result."

breaking through difficulties

in addition to paying attention to R & D and cultivating open R & D ideas, there are still many bottlenecks and even difficulties waiting to be broken through in the R & D journey of printing enterprises

One of the difficulties is the shortage of funds

for printing enterprises, especially private printing enterprises, which do not have rich financial channels, the shortage of R & D funds is a common phenomenon. However, whether printing enterprises have the awareness of R & D and whether they have fully used the relevant R & D policies has a very different effect on raising R & D funds

"in Shanghai, many printing enterprises do not have a strong awareness of R & D, nor do they have a strong awareness of the government to strive for corresponding policies." Jielong group has received the municipal scientific and technological innovation achievement award, and relevant products enjoy preferential tax rebate and tax exemption treatment. However, relevant experts pointed out that few enterprises consciously adhere to R & D and strive for corresponding tax relief through R & D achievements in the printing industry. How to make full use of national and local science and technology policies is still a subject that needs attention for printing enterprises

the second dilemma is the lack of talents

"the key bottleneck for printing enterprises to engage in R & D is people, especially compound talents who understand both technology, management and computer means." Li Jiaxiang pointed out that the lack of independent research and development researchers has directly affected the pace of research and development of printing enterprises

in addition to the lack of talents, there is no effective and reasonable use of limited scientific researchers, and there is no scientific incentive mechanism to fully mobilize their enthusiasm, which is also a problem that printing enterprises need to be vigilant

the third dilemma is information short circuit

in the interview, more than one printing enterprise mentioned the access to R & D information. The information channels of new technologies, new processes and new inventions are blocked, it is difficult to obtain expert and analytical information services, and the separation and lag of statistical information have affected the scientific decision-making of enterprises

"we hope to have such an intermediary organization, gather the strength of the industry, form an expert team, collect the leaders of the international testing machine industry, domestic industry development trends and technology development trends, and provide paid services for enterprises." The words of a printing enterprise boss spoke the expectations of the industry

the fourth dilemma is that technology management lags behind.

in Xinya, following the establishment of the first private printing enterprise research institute in Zhejiang in 2000, Xinya is planning to expand the Institute into a technology development center to further strengthen the R & D function of enterprises

in Jielong, the newly established printing business department and logistics procurement department have performed the story of "separation and convergence". The two business divisions have collected the R & D and logistics functions of their subsidiaries, and are ready to build a new platform to strengthen their comprehensive strength

at the same time, in many printing enterprises, the functions of science and technology department and technology department are equipment introduction, maintenance guarantee, technical service, quality control, etc., and the R & D function has not been paid attention to and has not been put on the agenda

where can technology come from without organizational structure, management ability, reasonable incentives and values? Even if we already have technology and the ability of technology management is insufficient, how can we have competitive products

from this point of view, when the super 2 of technology needs to print and store p1f2, p2f2 and p3f3 of the tested samples, it is not only the investment in technology, but also the management of technology

reprinted from: Printing Manager

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