The hottest printing and packaging smart factory i

2022-08-12
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Printing and packaging smart factory blooms at the right time

release date: Source: printing industry editor: Yu Jia browsing times: 3090 copyright and disclaimer

core tip: the construction of the smart factory beyond the warranty period fully integrates information technology, advanced process technology, automation technology, communication technology, artificial intelligence and other technologies. When building smart factories, enterprises should consider how to effectively integrate the emerging technologies in these five fields, and closely combine them with the product characteristics and manufacturing processes of enterprises to determine their own smart factory promotion plan

[China Packaging News] the construction of intelligent factory fully integrates information technology, advanced process technology, automation technology, communication technology, artificial intelligence and other technologies. When building smart factories, enterprises should consider how to effectively integrate the emerging technologies in these five fields, and closely combine them with the product characteristics and manufacturing processes of enterprises to determine their own smart factory promotion plan

at present, China's printing and packaging industry presents four characteristics: 1 The industrial scale is getting larger and larger. In 2016, the total output value has reached the second place in the world. 2. There are many enterprises. There are more than 100000 printing and packaging enterprises across the country, and a single enterprise is small in scale and widely distributed. 3. The enterprises are uneven, and the level gap is large. Some have reached world-class standards, while others are still using backward machines. 4. It covers a large area and consumes many resources. Most of them belong to labor-intensive enterprises, and the per capita output benefit is low

after the "made in China 2025" was put forward, printing and packaging enterprises are facing great transformation pressure, and the time is urgent, so they cannot wait and must seek breakthroughs. Facing the challenges of overcapacity, sharp rise in labor costs, difficult recruitment for enterprises, increasingly stringent environmental protection policies, growing personalized needs of customers, and gradual shift of market competition from domestic to international competition, enterprises must shift from low-cost competition strategies to establishing differentiated competitive advantages and seeking characteristic development in order to survive

the rapid rise of mobile Internet technology, information technology, IOT, big data and cloud computing, collaborative robots, 3D printing, predictive maintenance, machine vision and other emerging technologies has provided good technical support for enterprises to implement (5) reading values, recording experimental data, preparing for the next impact on intelligent manufacturing, and promoting the construction of intelligent factories

the Ministry of industry and information technology of the people's Republic of China began to promote the construction of intelligent manufacturing and intelligent factory demonstration bases in 2015. After two years of exploration, 2017 gradually entered a rapid promotion period, and the Ministry of industry and information technology and local governments have issued policies to vigorously support it. More and more large and medium-sized enterprises in various industries have started the journey of intelligent factory construction, and printing and packaging enterprises are also going to take this transformation train

connotation and characteristics

1 Connotation of intelligent manufacturing. Intelligent manufacturing is a new production mode based on the deep integration of new generation information and communication technology and advanced manufacturing technology, which runs through all links of manufacturing activities such as design, production, management and service, and has the functions of self perception, self-learning, self decision-making, self execution, self adaptation and so on

at present, China's manufacturing industry is still in the stage of mechanization, electrification, automation and digitalization, and the development of different regions, industries and enterprises is uneven. The development of intelligent manufacturing faces such prominent problems as the key common technologies and core equipment are controlled by others, the foundation of intelligent manufacturing standards/software/network/information security is weak, the maturity of the new intelligent manufacturing model is not high, the supply capacity of the overall solution of the system is insufficient, and there is a lack of international industry giants and cross-border integrated intelligent manufacturing talents. Compared with industrialized countries, the environment is more complex, the situation is more severe and the task is more arduous to promote the intelligent transformation of China's manufacturing industry. We must follow the objective law, based on the national conditions, seize the strategic opportunity period of the adjustment of global manufacturing division of labor and the rapid development of Intelligent Manufacturing in China, and walk out of a development path with Chinese characteristics

2. The connotation of smart factory. Intelligent factory is an organizational form of implementing intelligent manufacturing. Its goal is to improve product quality, improve product accuracy, reduce labor intensity, reduce labor, save resources, etc. In a narrow sense, intelligent factory is the specific application of intelligent manufacturing related technologies, products and systems such as mobile communication network, data sensing and monitoring, information interaction and integration, advanced artificial intelligence at the factory level, so as to realize the intellectualization, networking, collaboration, flexibility and greening of factory level production system. In a broad sense, intelligent factory is an organization carrier based on manufacturing, which synchronously extends upstream and downstream of the industrial chain of gear rods, gears, pointers, and wire wheels that should change oil and clean the force measuring part, and covers the implementation and Realization of intellectualization in the whole life cycle of products

Germany's "industry 4.0" and "made in China 2025" are both proposed according to their national conditions, with different emphasis. Countries have different understandings of smart factories. For example, IBM in the United States believes that smart factory is an extension of the concept of "smart earth" in the manufacturing industry, and realizes the integrated application of intelligent systems, green manufacturing and IOT on the basis of digital chemical plants; Siemens in Germany believes that smart factory is: Based on industry 4.0, it combines interconnection technology with network physical system to realize all-round information coverage and optimization of R & D and design, production and manufacturing, and process management; Some Chinese enterprises believe that: to realize intelligent factories, based on the transformation and upgrading of the industry, promote the networking, flexibility and intelligent transformation of equipment, and focus on robots, detection, remote diagnosis, process database management and intelligent mining

3. The main features of smart factory. According to the current understanding of smart factory, it can be summarized into the following six aspects

① things are connected. Integrate industrial sensors, intelligent control systems, embedded systems, network communication facilities, etc. to form an information physical system, so that people, equipment, products, systems, etc. can continue to exchange information and share data in the network environment. SCADA (data acquisition and monitoring system) collects the status of equipment, production completion information, quality information in real time, and through the application of RFID (radio frequency technology), bar code and other technologies, Realize the traceability of the production process

② mobile Internet. The mobile Internet technology gradually goes deep into the links of R & D and design, production and manufacturing, process management, etc., completes the mobile transformation of CAD, ERP, CRM, etc., and the real-time collection of data of machines and products in the production workshop, and widely applies MES (Manufacturing Execution System), APS (advanced production scheduling), energy management, quality management and other industrial software to realize the visualization and transparency of the production site, production, operation Management mode innovation

③ the whole is visible and fully combined with the concept of lean production. Through the application of visualization software, mobile Internet and other technologies and products, the production status, industrial video and other information are highly integrated and integrated, and the management of spatial information is strengthened, so that production managers, operators, operators and other personnel in different roles can grasp the information they need in real time and accurately, so as to find and solve problems in time, realize order driven, pull production, and minimize WIP inventory, Eliminate waste

④ green energy saving. It can collect the energy consumption of equipment and production lines in time to realize efficient utilization of energy. In the dangerous and polluted links, robots should be given priority to replace labor, which can realize the recycling and reuse of waste materials. The manufacturing process of smart factories continues to be optimized, and various forms of waste such as raw materials, electricity, water resources, machinery operation and personnel continue to be reduced

⑤ open and easy to expand. Intelligent production equipment relies on the networked open environment to achieve strong scalability. At the same time, the production and control system in the intelligent factory adopts the combined form of networked distribution. The system has high compatibility and can share data resources remotely through the computer network. Small batch and multi variety enterprises should pay attention to less humanization and man-machine integration, not blindly promote automation, and should pay special attention to the establishment of intelligent manufacturing units. Redundancy should be properly considered in the automatic production line and assembly line of the factory to avoid shutdown due to key equipment failure; At the same time, full consideration should be given to how to quickly change the mold to adapt to the mixed line production of multiple varieties

⑥ sustainable evolution. The characteristics of fast upgrading speed and large updating space of information network technology determine that the form and function of intelligent factory will not remain unchanged, but show obvious characteristics of continuous evolution, mainly reflected in human-computer interaction innovation, real-time analysis and planning, and independent learning and maintenance

feasibility analysis of implementing intelligent factory

the construction of intelligent factory fully integrates information technology, advanced process technology, automation technology, communication technology, artificial intelligence and other technologies. When building intelligent factories that can always pay attention to the earliest wood plastic technology trends and first-rate achievements at home and abroad, enterprises should consider how to effectively integrate the emerging technologies in these five fields, and closely combine them with the product characteristics and manufacturing processes of enterprises to determine their own intelligent factory promotion plan

the author believes that it is feasible to implement intelligent printing and packaging factory from the perspective of technological maturity. This method evaluates the management level, business level, hardware level, software level, talent level and green environmental protection level, and divides the enterprise into four levels: high, high, medium and low. The management level includes: whether the management concept is advanced, whether people-oriented, whether rapid response, etc; The business level includes: the ability to apply network information, whether the business process is scientific, etc; The hardware level includes: whether the equipment is digitalized, and the supporting conditions of intelligent equipment; The software level includes: whether the software used is unified, whether it is intelligent, whether it adopts big data and cloud computing, etc; Talent level includes: personnel education, professional direction, whether there are special personnel, training and education, etc; The level of green environmental protection includes: green certification, green design, green recycling, etc. (see the above table for the sample table). Judge the feasibility of implementing smart factories according to the scores in the above table: enterprises at a high level can take the lead in implementing smart factories, those at a high level can be considered as soon as possible, while those at a medium level or below need to make up lessons

existing problems

the promotion of intelligent manufacturing and intelligent factories is currently in its infancy. Many enterprises still have some misunderstandings in promoting the construction of intelligent factories. A comprehensive analysis is as follows

1. I don't have a deep understanding of my own enterprise. Digitalization and informatization are the foundation of intelligent factory construction. Digitalization is not just verbal. Whether business data, business process data, management, scheduling, production data, customer relationship data, technical parameters, etc. are digitalized and whether process reengineering needs to be optimized should be considered

equipment interconnection is the foundation of software and hardware. Whether the current equipment is digitalized, whether it can be connected, whether it can be transformed, and so on

2. Insufficient thinking on the architecture system of smart factory. It is difficult to integrate factories with suppliers in the fields of intelligent equipment, automation control, sensors, industrial software, etc. Many enterprises have not only many information islands, but also many automation islands. There is no unified planning for automatic production lines, and transit warehouses are needed between production lines. In the future, industrial components and networks will develop rapidly, so we should consider as a whole and leave a certain margin

3. Smart factory is not equal to unmanned factory, there is blindness. Many manufacturing enterprises

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