Zhaoxiaoping, director of the Energy Bureau of the

2022-08-05
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Director zhaoxiaoping of the Energy Bureau of the national development and Reform Commission talks about the basic ideas of China's energy development during the 11th Five Year Plan period in the interview column of the director of the national development and Reform Commission Center, director zhaoxiaoping of the Energy Bureau of the national development and Reform Commission talks about the basic ideas of China's energy development during the 11th Five Year Plan period

Q: in recent years, with the rapid development of China's economy and society, energy demand is also seeking a balance between the invisible hand and the visible hand. Energy issues have attracted more and more attention. First of all, please briefly introduce the basic situation of China's energy development during the Tenth Five Year Plan period

Answer: during the Tenth Five Year Plan period, China has made remarkable achievements in energy development. In 2005, China's total primary energy production was 2.06 billion tons of standard coal, an increase of 59.6% over 2000 and an average annual increase of 9.8%, making it the second largest energy producer in the world; The total energy consumption reached 2.25 billion tons of standard coal, ranking second in the world. The rapid development of energy has ensured the sustained, rapid, coordinated and healthy development of the national economy and the comprehensive progress of society

the coal industry is developing rapidly. In 2005, 6. The coal output of low carbon steel samples after fracture was 2.19 billion tons. Significant progress has been made in the construction of large coal bases. A number of modern coal mines with international advanced level have been built, and a number of large coal based and diversified enterprise groups have continued to grow. Safety production conditions in coal mines were improved, and the mortality rate per million tons fell by 53.6% year-on-year

the power industry has achieved leapfrog development. In 2005, the total installed capacity of electric power was 508million kW and the generating capacity was 2.47 trillion kwh. The power structure tends to be optimized, and the proportion of hydropower and large capacity and high parameter thermal power units increases. Key projects such as the transmission of electricity from the west to the East are progressing smoothly, the transformation of rural areas has been basically completed, and the six major power stations in China have been interconnected

the oil and gas industry has developed steadily. In 2005, the crude oil output was 180million tons and the natural gas output was 50billion cubic meters. The first phase of the west to east gas transmission project was completed, and important progress was made in the development of oil and gas fields in Western Ordos, Tarim and Junggar

the development of renewable energy and new energy has accelerated. In 2005, the installed capacity of wind power reached 1.26 million KW, the heat collection area of solar water heaters reached more than 80 million square meters, and the annual production capacity of biomass fuel reached more than 6 million tons

energy development in the tenth five year plan has laid a solid foundation for the eleventh five year plan. Facing the future, China's energy development stands at a new starting point, but also faces more severe challenges. First, resource constraints are becoming increasingly severe. China is rich in total energy resources, but its per capita share is low, especially in oil and natural gas. However, during the 11th Five Year Plan period, energy consumption will continue to grow, and resource constraints will become more serious. Second, structural contradictions are quite prominent. The proportion of coal in China's primary energy consumption is 42% higher than the world average. The coal based energy consumption structure and the relatively extensive economic growth mode have brought many environmental and social problems. Third, the task of energy conservation and consumption reduction is arduous. China is still in the historical stage of accelerated industrialization and urbanization. High energy consuming industries account for a large proportion of economic growth. It is a long-term and arduous task to improve energy efficiency and reduce energy consumption. Fourth, the level of science and technology is relatively backward. Compared with advanced countries in the world, China still has a considerable gap in the field of high and new energy technologies and cutting-edge technologies. Independent innovation in energy science and technology has a long way to go. Fifth, potential safety hazards are increasing. The construction of China's strategic oil reserve system has just started. The unsafe factors of natural gas and power supply are increasing day by day. The situation of coal mine safety production is not optimistic, and the task of maintaining energy security is arduous. Sixth, the rural energy problem is prominent. The commercialization of rural domestic energy consumption is relatively low. Farmers in the western region generally lack energy. There are more than 10 million people without electricity in China

Q: it is predicted that energy will be an important factor affecting China's economic development in the future. Can you introduce the overall requirements and development goals of China's energy development during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period

A: during the 11th Five Year Plan period, the overall requirements for China's energy development are: take Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of "Three Represents" as the guidance, use the scientificoutlookondevelopment and the two strategic ideas of building a harmonious socialist society to guide energy work, implement the energy strategy of giving priority to conservation, achieving domestic, diversified development, protecting the environment, and strengthening international mutually beneficial cooperation, and strive to build a stable, economic, clean A safe energy supply system to support the sustainable development of China's economy and society with the sustainable development of energy

giving priority to conservation means taking energy and resources conservation as a basic national policy, insisting on equal emphasis on energy development and conservation, putting conservation first, vigorously conserving and rationally developing and utilizing energy resources, and constantly improving energy efficiency

based on China, it is to insist on solving the problem of energy supply mainly by relying on China as the basic strategy to maintain China's energy security, accelerate the development of energy industry and enhance the domestic energy supply capacity

diversified development means that at present, China's economic growth slows down, insisting on taking coal as the main body and electricity as the center, strengthening oil and gas exploration and development, accelerating the development of renewable energy and new energy, and forming a reasonable energy structure

to protect the environment means to attach great importance to environmental issues, take environmental protection as an important part of energy policy, and strive to achieve the coordinated development of energy and environment

to strengthen cooperation is to adhere to equality, mutual benefit and win-win cooperation, take full advantage of the complementarity of resources, economy and technology of all parties, and actively carry out international cooperation in the energy field from the perspective of maintaining global energy security

the total control target of China's primary energy consumption in 2010 is about 2.7 billion tons of standard coal, which is based on the actual situation of the "Tenth Five Year Plan" period with an average annual GDP growth of 9.5% and the current rapid economic development, and in accordance with the requirements of the "Eleventh Five Year plan", taking full account of factors such as economic structure adjustment, growth mode transformation, energy conservation and consumption reduction, and using scientific analysis methods

Q: to achieve the above goals, what should be the key tasks of China's energy construction during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period

Answer: during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period, the main tasks of China's energy construction can be summarized as follows: orderly development of coal, active development of electric power, accelerating the development of oil and natural gas, vigorously developing renewable energy, and strengthening rural energy construction

first, orderly development of coal. First, strengthen the exploration of coal resources. Increase investment in exploration, strengthen planning guidance, promote advanced technology, and rationally develop coal resources. Establish a compensation mechanism for ecological environment restoration to reduce the impact of coal mining on the ecological environment. Second, accelerate the construction of large coal bases. Focusing on 13 large coal bases in Shendong, Northern Shaanxi and Northern Shanxi, we will accelerate the construction of large modern coal mines. We will encourage the joint reorganization of coal enterprises, break down the boundaries of industry, region and ownership, and form a number of large enterprises with a capacity of 100 million tons. Third, strengthen the comprehensive utilization of coal resources. We will accelerate the development of coalbed methane, strengthen clean coal production, and encourage the comprehensive utilization of coal washing and low calorific value coal and coal gangue for power generation

second, actively develop electric power. First, optimize the development of coal-fired power. We will build large, efficient and environmentally friendly units, develop 600000 kW circulating fluidized bed power plants, and start the integrated coal gasification combined cycle power plant project. Encourage the development of pithead power stations and the construction of large coal power bases in major coal producing areas such as Shanxi, Shaanxi and Inner Mongolia; In the eastern and central regions with developed economy and energy shortage, we will focus on the construction of ports, intersections, load centers and large-scale power stations with enhanced transmission capacity; Encourage the construction of large air cooling units in areas with rich coal and little water; We will speed up the elimination of backward small thermal power units and shut down 50million kilowatts by 2010 and 10million kilowatts this year. Second, orderly development of hydropower. We will give top priority to ecological protection and resettlement, strengthen the continuous and rolling development of hydropower bases, and focus on the construction of hydropower bases on the Jinsha River, Yalong River, Xiluodu, Xiangjiaba and other large hydropower stations. We will strengthen hydropower development and transformation in developed areas in the East, and further develop local remaining hydropower resources. Small hydropower stations should be developed according to local conditions, and pumped storage power stations should be built appropriately. Third, actively promote nuclear power construction. Adhere to the principle of "focusing on ourselves and cooperating with China and foreign countries", exchange market for technology, rely on key construction projects, accelerate technology introduction, digestion, absorption and re innovation, and realize the autonomy of engineering design, equipment manufacturing, engineering construction and operation management of advanced pressurized water reactor nuclear power plants. Fourth, strengthen power construction. We will accelerate the construction of the three major transmission channels for the transmission of electricity from the west to the East and cross regional power transmission and transformation projects, and continue to promote the transmission of electricity from the west to the East, north-south mutual assistance and the all China Federation. We will strengthen regional and provincial power construction, and strengthen urban and rural power construction and transformation

third, accelerate the development of oil and natural gas. First, strengthen resource exploration. We will strengthen the investigation and evaluation of oil and gas resources, expand the scope of exploration, focus on developing sea areas, major oil and gas basins and new land oil and gas areas, and carry out investigation and exploration of unconventional oil and gas resources such as coalbed methane and oil shale. Promote the diversification of oil and gas exploration and development subjects. Second, accelerate the development of oil and gas resources. We will develop both oil and gas, steadily increase crude oil production and increase natural gas production. Strengthen the stable production transformation of old oil fields and delay the decline of production of old oil fields. We will accelerate the development of oil and gas resources in deep-sea areas and in the Tarim, Ordos, Qaidam and Sichuan basins. Adhere to equal cooperation, mutual benefit and win-win results, and expand the cooperative development of overseas oil and gas resources. Third, accelerate the construction of oil and gas pipelines. Accelerate the planning and construction of oil and gas trunk pipelines and supporting facilities, and gradually improve the national oil and gas pipeline network. The pipeline for transporting oil products from the west to the East and from the north to the South will be completed. Fourth, strengthen the construction of national oil reserve bases and gradually establish a national strategic oil reserve system

fourth, vigorously develop renewable energy. First, vigorously develop wind energy, build 30 large-scale wind power projects of more than 100000 kW, form a million kW wind power base in Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Jiangsu, Gansu and other places, and the installed wind power capacity reaches about 5million kW. Second, accelerate the development of biomass energy, support the development of straw, waste incineration and landfill gas power generation, build a number of straw and forest power plants, expand the production capacity of biomass solid briquette fuel, fuel ethanol and biodiesel, and the installed capacity of biomass power generation reaches 5.5 million KW. Third, actively develop and utilize solar energy and develop geothermal energy and ocean energy. Fourth, we will implement preferential fiscal and tax policies, investment policies and mandatory market share policies, encourage the production and consumption of renewable energy, and increase the proportion of renewable energy in primary energy

Fifth, strengthen rural energy construction. According to the original principle of "adjusting measures to local conditions and diversified development", take 1 standard weight and hang it lightly on the upper fixture connecting base, record the pneumatic value displayed by the computer, and calculate the difference with the standard weight. If the error should not exceed 1%, continue to speed up the construction of small hydropower and agriculture, and vigorously develop renewable energy such as wind power, biomass energy and solar energy suitable for villages, towns and farmers. By 2010, there will be 300000 small-scale fans in rural areas, 40million household biogas, 50million square meters of solar water heaters, 1million solar stoves, and 50 green energy demonstration counties. We will gradually solve the problem of basic household electricity for people without electricity in remote areas

Q: the 11th Five Year Plan for China's national economic and social development was put forward. During the 11th Five Year Plan period, China

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